Genetically Modified Babies

phpxuoOinPMI am already concerned about genetically modified foods, but now we have the possibility of genetically modified humans to worry about.

My friend and parent advocate, Enola Aird, called recently to tell me about an upcoming FDA advisory meeting to consider a procedure that would create a three parent child.

Many have been helped to have a baby by in vitro fertilization, or surrogacy, like George Lucas and Mellody Hobson. In both of these procedures, the egg of one woman and the sperm of one man are used. However, the FDA is being asked to allow a radically different procedure: Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy.


Mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) is a biologically extreme procedure that inserts the nucleus of the egg of a woman with unhealthy mitochondria into the enucleated (surgically removed) egg of a second woman with healthy mitochondria. This constructed two-person egg is then fertilized with sperm and the result is a genetically modified human: a three-parent baby. This baby would not be the only one affected by the genetic modification; it would be inherited by future generations.

MRT is a form of inheritable genetic modification (IGM), which has long been prohibited by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the Council of Europe’s Oviedo Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights, the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization’s Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, and other instruments of international law.


On October 22 and 23, 2013, the Cellular, Tissue and Gene Therapies Advisory Committee of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was to hold a public meeting to consider a proposal for a clinical trail of MRT in Oregon. The meeting has been postponed “due to resource constraints arising from the government shutdown.” The new dates for the meeting are February 25-26, 2014. Comments will be accepted until February 18, 2014.

Obviously, this procedure is experimental and has not been tested for safety or efficacy. In addition, its use raises profound questions about “designer” babies, biotechnological eugenics, and implications for future generations.


On March 20, 2013, the United Kingdom became the first nation in the world to propose that the use of mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) be allowed. This proposal is in violation of international norms, which stipulate that biotechnolgies can be used to treat disease, but not to manipulate the traits of future children.


For more information, please check out these resources:

Center for Genetics and Society (CGS)

Sign on to the CGS Letter to the FDA

Biopolitical Times

Alert from Mothers for a Human Future


Enola Aird of Mothers for a Human Future, Marcy Darnovsky of the Center for Genetics and Society, and I held an informational call In October. Here’s a recording of the Conference Call.


If you’d like to send a written comment, contact Gail Dapolito or Rosanna Harvey by February 18, 2014.

Here are two sample letters to give you an idea of what to say in your letter. If you’re a parent, mention that in your letter.


FDA White Oak Campus,
White Oak Conference Center,
Building 31
Great Room Room 1503
10903 New Hampshire Avenue
Silver Spring MD 20993

Get updated information on the hearing from the FDA Advisory Committee Information Line:


1-301-443-0572 (in the Washington DC area)

Listen to a live webcast of the hearing:  February 25th. February 26th.


Peggy HeadshotPeggy O’Mara is the CEO of She founded in 1995 and was its editor-in chief until 2012. She was the editor and publisher of Mothering Magazine from 1980 to 2011. The author of Having a Baby Naturally; Natural Family Living; The Way Back Home; and A Quiet Place, Peggy has conducted workshops at Omega Institute, Esalen, La Leche League, and Bioneers. She is the mother of four and grandmother of two.

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Peggy O'Mara

About Peggy O'Mara

Editor and Publisher of Longtime natural living advocate, award winning writer, and independent thinker.

8 thoughts on “Genetically Modified Babies

  1. Pingback: Join a call on the upcoming FDA meeting on genetically modified babies. | Mothers for a Human Future

  2. Pingback: Letter to the FDA | Peggy O'Mara

  3. Catherine Myers

    Thank you Peggy, for bringing this issue to our attention. I’ve written to the FDA and shared info with others via social media. If we could learn to take the time to carefully consider the ethical implications of scientific technologies BEFORE we put them into use, we might save ourselves a lot of anguish. There’s little harm in hitting the “hold” button on this research, but much potential harm in steamrolling ahead.

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